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Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site of Turkey

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  • History of Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site of Turkey
  • Tour around Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site
  • What to see!
  • What to do!


One of Turkey's most impressive archaeological sites, Bergama's acropolis is dramatically sited on a hill to the northeast of the town centre. There's plenty to determine during this ancient settlement, with ruins large and little scattered over the upper and lower cities. Among these are the Temple of Trajan, the vertigo-inducing 10,000-seat Hellenistic theatre, the Altar of Zeus (sadly denuded of its magnificent frieze, which now resides in Berlin) and therefore the whimsical mosaic floors in Building Z.

History of Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site of Turkey

Pergamon Acropolis land site dating back to the 3rd century BC, the Acropolis in Izmir province has preserved many of its structures and works of art. Built on several levels of mounds, the traditional site of Pergamon Acropolis is awfully rich in archeological findings. Many architectural remains like the Sanctuary of Athena, the altar of Zeus, the Library of Pergamon, the herons and Arsenal may be seen in full detail.

Tour around Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site

Follow the signs to the Acropolis. From the Bergama Museum at the middle of Bergama, it’s over 5 km (3 miles) to the highest of hills along a narrow road that winds around the hill. A gate near the underside of Capitol Hill is closed during the night to stop access to the location.


The foundations of the monumental buildings of the traditional city fall Capitol Hill right to the fashionable city. It won't be possible to hike to the highest of the hill through the Gate of Eumenes and also the various gymnasia and agoras, but the complete excavation is now enclosed by a fence. If you walk, you need to walk along the auto road all thanks to the summit—a long, hot enter summer. (In April—a way more pleasant time to hike—the hill is carpeted with beautiful wildflowers.)

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What to see!

There are two ways to access the location. you'll be able to drive to the upper parking lot (parking ₺5) or instead follow the signposts along Akropol Caddesi to the lower station of the Bergama Acropolis car. there is a paid park here, too (again ₺5). The cable-car ride takes five minutes. From the Upper City, a line of rather faded blue dots marks a suggested route round the main structures – you would possibly instead consider hiring the audio guide for 10.


These amazing statues and structures include the library that helped put this attraction on the map and therefore the colossal marble-columned Temple of Trajan (or Trajaneum), built during the reigns of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian and accustomed worship them furthermore as Zeus. it is the only Roman structure surviving on the Acropolis, and its foundations were used as cisterns during the center Ages.

What to do!

To escape the crowds and acquire a decent view of the theatre and Temple of Trajan, walk downhill behind the Altar of Zeus, or turn left at the underside of the theatre steps, and follow the sign to the Antik Yol (ancient street) past the Upper Agora and also the bath-gymnasium. Within what was once a sprawling territorial dominion of the center City is modern Building Z (2004), protecting a part of a peristyle court and a few fantastic floor mosaics.


Search for the grotesque masks with wild animals, the kid Dionysus with Silenus supping from a cup and therefore the remnants of tinted stucco on the walls. You'll then pass more baths, gymnasia and therefore the sumptuous Palace of Attalus I before reaching the Lower Agora.


The Acropolis of Pergamon is certainly dramatic, perched atop a high hill to the northeast of the impressive middle. The great temples and dramatic theater are visible from anywhere within the city, as they were meant to be.