Izmir-Pergamon of Turkey
There are such a huge number of great attractions in Izmir, it’s hard to get time to go to all of them! This wiki will facilitate your decision between the traditional sites of Ephesus and Pergamon and show you what to see nearby.
Pergamon is found near the trendy city Bergama, most famous because of the home of Asclepion. The success of town is owed to Lysimachus, one in all Alexander the Greats generals. Lysimachus ruled until his death within the war over the Asian minor.
At which point the present governor, Philetarus took control of Pergamon. it absolutely was in his and his nephew’s reign that the main sights including the Library and therefore the Altar of Zeus were added to the Acropolis. Sometimes named as Bergama, organize your turkey tour with few professional travel services provider like Memphis tours to facilitate your holiday experience.
Main Attractions in Pergamon
The majority of the altar of Pergamon now lies within the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, the sole remaining part being the bottom of the altar. This Platform was accustomed to worship Zeus and possibly Trajan and Hadrian.
The Hellenistic Theatre was built into the hillside to maintain space and take maximum advantage of the spectacular views. the look isn’t typical round and wide proportions, but instead dramatically higher, with the roominess of 10,000, the most precipitous theatre known within the ancient world.
The library of the Acropolis is the second-best in Greek civilization. it's believed that the library contained 200,000 volumes. The Pergamenes created a replacement variety of parchment to switch the papyrus shortages, called codices. It reflects some of the Turkish cultures.
This was made from fine calfskin. Other ruins to work out while visiting the necropolis include the Sanctuary fo Trajan, the Sanctuary of Athena, the Royal Palaces, The Heroon, a shrine to the kings of Pergamon, the Temple of Dionysus, the Upper Agora and therefore the Roman baths complex.
Asclepius was an ancient medical center, using alternative treatments to heal sick patients, with diagnosis often coming from dream analysis. Treatments included; bathing in, or drinking sacred springs, massage, mud baths, and use of herbs and ointments.
There have been much small clay or pottery body parts found around the site, thought to be gifts from healed customers, representing their newfound health. This medical center was home to Galen (AD 131 – 211), an early physician to Pergamon’s fighters and gladiators.
Galen made the medical center renowned together with his extensive additions to the knowledge of the circulatory, nervous systems, and systematical medical theory. His work was the premise for western medicine well into the 16th century.
Pergamon’s other important structure, the Red Basilica. It was once a Serpis Temple, to the Egyptian gods. It consists of the main building, with two towers. there's a hole within the center podium, where it's thought someone would hide, giving the impression that the cult statue was talking.
Christians later built a church inside this massive structure and this was one among the Seven Churches addressed within the Book of Revelation within the Bible. Other interesting places to go to after you are visiting the region include Sardis Ancient City, Ephesus, and also the Temple of Artemis.
For Nature Lovers, Be Ready!
Alongside its historic and cultural legacy, Pergamon also considers an excellent natural beauty. Trekking along the route to Kozak Plateau through the pine forests covering the Kozak range between Bergama and Ayvalik, dotted with wrecks and agricultural landscapes, also provides opportunities for photo safaris.
How to Go to this historic city?
Bergama is about a hundred kilometers to Izmir, the most important city of Turkey on the coast of Aegean. The Adnan Menderes International Airport has scheduled and charter connections to all or any major European airports.
Also, a variety of cities across Turkey are connected to Izmir by air, rail, and road, which makes your transfers easier. The city hosting many outstanding masterpieces of the Hellenistic and Roman periods besides the encompassing cultural landscape maintains its importance with its mosques, inns, baths, and commercial center peculiar to the architecture of the Ottoman period spreading over the layers of the Roman and Eastern Roman periods. Have the adventure and visit it in real!