Eid Ul Fitr in India

Eid Ul Fitr in India is a sacred feast in the Muslim community. Eid Ul Fitr and Eid Ul Azha are the two Eids celebrated by Muslims across the globe. Eid Ul Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, when Muslims break their fast, with the sighting of new crescent moon in the evening, on the last day of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of Islamic calendar. People do not eat or drink during daylight hours. They fast, feast, worship and pray. The date of Eid changes every year, as it depends on the Islamic calendar. Eid Ul Fitr 2019 is on June 4, 2019.

Eid Ul Fitr signifies a special meaning for the Muslim community. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had laid down Eid Ul Fitr as a day of feasting for Muslims, in the remembrance of Allah. Since then, Muslims fast the whole month of Ramadan, offering spiritual devotions to Allah, believing that this get them closer to God. Eid Ul Fitr is a celebration of breaking their fast and show God how grateful they are for everything they have.

Eid Ul Fitr is called Choti Eid or Ramadan Id in India. The Eid is a public holiday in India. It is a day off for most population, schools and most businesses. Muslims across the whole world have traditions to celebrate Eid Ul Fitr on the first day of Shawwal month. However, each country has its own traditions to celebrate Eid. Whereas Eid Ul Fitr lasts for three days in many countries, in India it calls for a one day holiday all across the country.

Although the actual celebration begins on the first day of Shawwal month, there are prior preparations taken. Muslims do shopping for new clothes. They clean and decorate their homes and workplace, as a part of the celebration. There are special cuisines prepared to celebrate, such as a sweet dish called Sheer Khurma and a famous saviyaan with dates. On the day of Eid, they start the day by taking a bath in the morning, wear new clothes and eat some of the sweets before heading to the mosques. Then they gather in mosques and perform the Eid prayer in the early morning, in open areas under the sky. They recite Takbir, Du’a in the praise of the greatness of Allah. Men wear white clothes typically, symbolizing purity and austerity.

In Eid Ul Fitr, Muslims come together in charity, kindness, harmony and brotherhood. It is also about strengthen brotherhood and interaction, as Muslim visit each other on the days of Eid. They greet their relatives and friends, exchanging gifts. Children also receive gifts, mostly in the form of money. Some Muslims pay a visit to the graveyard, known as Ziyarat-al-qubur, to pay respect to the departed souls.

Not only is the Eid about being happy and celebrate, but it is also about making others happy and nurture their desire. Muslims offer gifts to those in need, besides celebrating in affection and joy. They distribute alms and donate food and clothes. Sadaqah Fitr is a charitable gift given to poor to break the fast. They give grains or cash as it is specified in the Holy Quran.

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