Egypt in the Modern Era
Under Khedive Muhammad Ali Egypt’s agricultural lands were expanded and nationalized, becoming state tax farms to generate revenue for reforms. Ali used this income to establish an industrial base producing equipment for a modern army and navy and textiles. He instituted a draft for the military and labor in state factories. He also sent expeditions to Europe to learn languages and bring back new technologies and organizational strategies. The educational system was expanded to produce bureaucrats and managers to fill the positions in this new economy and government. The result was revolutionary in Egypt, quickly growing the economy and dramatically increasing social mobility in a society that had remained largely feudal up until that point.
Khedive Ali used his new economic and military power to expand his territory, at one point even threatening Constantinople with invasion. The Khedivate of Egypt grew to include Sudan, parts of Libya, the Levant and the Hijaz at its greatest extent. Most importantly though, he established a hereditary succession that would rule Egypt (at least in name) until 1952. Khedive Ali’s successors did not prove to be as capable or revolutionary as he was. His grandson Ismail Pasha oversaw the construction of the Suez Canal and the modernization of Cairo and other Egyptian cities, but ultimately, his lavish expenditures bankrupted the country and lead to an invasion by the British in 1882 that resulted in Egypt losing its independence under a colonial administration. Muhammad Ali’s dynasty stayed on in power under the control of a British administration through nationalist uprisings in 1882 and 1819. It was not displaced until the Free Officers’ Revolution in 1952 finally ended the colonial administration and led the the establishment of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Gamal Abdel Nasser became the first elected leader of the republic in 1956, as well as the first Egyptian to lead the government of Egypt since the invasion of Alexander the Great over two thousand years before.
Travel Experience Since 1955
Memphis Tours is one of the pioneers which have great impact on travel industry for more than 55 years of experience.
Personalized Travel Services
Whatever your travel dreams, together we can custom-design the perfect itinerary with highly personalized services just for you
We Speak Your Language
A multilingual website offers content in 8 different languages English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, German, Japanese and Chinese
Flexibility to Change
We know how important it is for travellers to have the flexibility to change their itinerary due to some reasons or force majeure
Your Safety and Security
A professional will accompany the guests to all of the places; they will never be left alone to fend for themselves
High Quality Service
We do believe honestly that quality should come first and quantity would come later and our main objective focused on (Quality is our Top Priority)
Customer Service 24/7
We offer Customer Support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by phone and email for questions about our tours and services
Support Sustainable Tourism
We are attempting to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for local people
Secure Online Payment
Our website is protected by the world′s most secure online payment system VeriSign Secure
Secure Website by MacAfee
Memphis Tours website is a McAfee Secure site that helps keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud and spyware