Ophiolite contact in Oman

Three kinds of rock can be seen from this scenic viewpoint.

On the left hand side is darkish grey Triassic limestone around 230 million years old. This marine sediment is in contact with brown ophiolite; which comprises most of the rock that can be seen on the far side of Wadi Al Kabeer and extending out toward the ocean. The ophiolite is a igneous rock that was originally part of the oceanic crust. The ophiolite started to surface from around 90 million years ago, when a large movement of all seafloor-layers towards the Arabian plate caused them to fold and break as they traveled more than hundreds of kilometres from the ocean to Oman’s coastline. This process continued for around 20 million years.
After formation of the ophiolite erosion took place. Additional movement of the plates around 60 to 70 million years ago caused the rock to be submerged; allowing further sediments to accumulate on top of the ophiolite in shallow seas. Later again the rock was uplifted and tilted.
By looking closely to the hills in the distance and towards the right, on one of the hills the ophiolite is overlaid by a cap of covered by a yellowish cap of much younger Eocene limestone sediment around 50 million years old.
    Suggested Tours
    Why Choose Us
    • Personalized Travel Services

      Whatever your travel dreams, together we can custom-design the perfect itinerary with highly personalized services just for you

    • We Speak Your Language

      A multilingual website offers content in 6 different languages English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and German

    • Flexibility to Change

      We know how important it is for travellers to have the flexibility to change their itinerary due to some reasons or force majeure

    • Your Safety and Security

      A professional will accompany the guests to all of the places; they will never be left alone to fend for themselves

    • High Quality Service

      We do believe honestly that quality should come first and quantity would come later and our main objective focused on (Quality is our Top Priority)

    • Customer Service 24/7

      We offer Customer Support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by phone and email for questions about our tours and services

    • Support Sustainable Tourism

      We are attempting to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for local people

    • Secure Online Payment

      Our website is protected by the world′s most secure online payment system VeriSign Secure

    • Secure Website by MacAfee

      Memphis Tours website is a McAfee Secure site that helps keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud and spyware