Cairo, officially al-Qahirah but popularly and normally referred to as Misr (pron. Masr), the capital of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The city occupies a triangular plain with the narrowest point to the S on the East Bank of the River Nile where the Muqattam Hills make their closest approach to the river.
Originally it must have looked much like the Mosque of al-Hakim, though the roof was much lower. It has, however, been much altered, many rulers having wished to contribute in some way to its glorification with endowments if not.
The museum displays a rare collection of 5000 years of art which is considered the largest most precious collection of Egyptian art in the world. Over 250,000 genuine artifacts are presented, including an exhibit dedicated to Tut-Ankh-Amon collection of treasure, gold and jewelry.
This Market is famous for its unusual, typical oriental souvenirs and handmade crafts. Medieval atmosphere of this traditional market gives visitors great pleasure and glimpse into what medieval markets were like: Cafes, restaurants, shops and large number of vendors constitute a dynamic panorama of the place.
The citadel was constructed by Salah El Din on the Moqattam hills in 1183 AD overlooking the whole city to be his defensive point against the attacks of the Crusaders. Salah El Din appointed to be the governor of Egypt after the death of the Sultan of Damascus, Noor-el-Din.
The Mosque of Amr Ibn Al As is the first Mosque in Egypt. The glory of this Mosque come from being the announcement of the beginning of the Islamic Period in Egypt after the hard defeat of the Byzantine Rule in Egypt.
It is considered the oldest intact functioning Islamic monument in Cairo. It is considered the 3rd Mosque which was constructed for the whole community for the Friday noon prayer. It is also rare preserved example of the art and the architecture of the classical Islamic period.
Old Cairo is full of sites dating from Egypt’s Christian past and the dawn of Islam’s presence in Egypt. Two of the earliest sites from Islamic Egypt are here—Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque, the first mosque and the Nilometer.
Al-Muizz Al-Deen Street, named for the first Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, was built as the main street through the Fatimid’s grand city and while much of the Fatimid capital was destroyed when subsequent Sunni Caliphates regained control of the city, Muizz Street retained its importance.
Housing the world's largest collection of Coptic Christian art work, the Coptic Museum in Cairo provides a link between ancient and Islamic Egypt. The Museum is located in an area of great historical importance within the grounds of the Babylon Fort, one of the remaining monuments refers to the Roman Period, in Old Cairo.
The first collection of Islamic antiquities was formed around 1880 and housed in the SE riwaq of the Mosque of al-Hakim. Later a small museum was built in the courtyard and called the Museum of Arab Art. In 1903 the present building was erected to house the collection and that of the Khedival Library.
It was built in the 5th century, over the remains the Roman fortress of 'Babylon', in Old Cairo to be dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. Damiana. It is considered as the oldest church in the area of Al-Fustat known as Al-Muallaqa (the hanging) because it was built on the ruins of two old towers that remained from an old fortress called the Fortress of Babylon.
It was one of the churches which belong to the Hanging Church it was bought by Rabbi Ibrahim Ben Ezra because the Jews found some of the old testament pieces written on deer skin in the area and also believed that Moses was found in a basket close to that location.
The complex was a built as a unique, multi-use space. It included the mosque and the mausoleum, but also a sabil that provided free water to the people, administrative space, and a covered market among other things.
The Bayt Al-Suhaymi is an excellent example of a private, though wealthy, Egyptian home of the 17th century, and shows most of the features which made living in Cairo's arid climate tolerable in prior ages.Among the most important example of Cairo traditional architecture are private houses.
Al Aqmar Mosque is an open enclosure mosque, but is much smaller than that of al-Hakim and rectangular in plan. It has several important architectural features. This site was a little to the North of the Fatimid Western Palace and originally occupied by the Coptic Deir al-Haykal (Monastery of the Skeleton).