The monastery of Anba Makaryus, also called Deir Abu Magar, was probably the first monastery in the Wadi El-Natroun in the 6th century. The Byzantine rulers mandated that the Coptic Patriarchs no longer reside in Alexandria and so Deir Abu Magar acquired a new importance as the seat of the Coptic church.
The modern name of the monastery, al-Baramus, is Arabic and is derived from the Coptic christian Pa-Rameos, which means "that of the Romans" in the honor of Maximus and Domidus , two sons of the Roman Emperor Valentinus who died from excessive fasting. Their bodies were buried in a crypt below the Church of the Virgin Mary .
The monastery was acquired by Syrian monks at some time, this is why it gained its modern name "Al-Suryan" which means (the Syrians). The name is shortened from the monastery's long name: "Monastery of Saint Mary the Virgin the Lady of the Syrians."
It is now totally covered by two gigantic fresh water lakes, the two lakes have different altitudes, therefore a waterfall was created where they meet. There seems to be no end to this water and its level has gone up to at least 5 or 6 meters.
Wadi El-Natroun was once important to the ancient Egyptians, as it was providing them with carbonated sodium required for the mummification process, because the area was very rich with its salts. The Romans extracted silica for glass from here.
The rock formations of the desert are often quite dramatic, you should not miss out on the weird rock balancing, on top of a white pillar.Many of the organized trips here include overnight stay out in the desert. At night, it gets a character reminding of an Arctic landscape.
The crystal mountain stands on the very edge of the of the White Desert, and soon the black iron and basalt pebbles give way to the sand-blown chalk formations which loom on either side of the road.
The mountain contains number of tombs. The tombs, which cover every inch of its base and are situated on its terraces and on all sides of the conical part, date from the 26th dynasty , the Greek and the Roman periods, though there appear to be no Christian burials.
The Great sand sea Spanning the 600km between Siwa in the north and the Gilf Kebir Plateau in the south, the Sand Sea forms a natural barrier between Egypt and Libya. Nothing lives here but the wind, and nothing moves here but the sand.
The Western Desert of Egypt is far more than sand dunes. Here you will find five large oasis ( plus one man-made ), the black desert as the white, huge mountain plateaus ( as Gilf Kebir which alone is nearly the size of Switzerland ), and the large sand dune ocean that is located between the Siwa oasis in northwest to Gilf Kebir in southwest.
The Gara cave remains as one of the most stunning examples of the effect of chemical activity over millennia, and a unique treasure of nature's own version of cave art. Today it is classified Institute as the second most important Stone-Age settlement in the Western Desert after Nabta Playa by the German Archaeological Institute.
It is a stone pool fed by natural spring water, and probably the best known pool in the area. Apparently, the pool had was not vary inviting from reports in recent years, but there have been efforts made to improve it.
The cemetery of Al-Bagawat was used as a burial place contains 263 tombs in the shape of domed chambers dates back to the 4th through 6th centuries, A) In the center is a church dating back to the 11th century A.D.
Qarun Lake is considered the oldest natural lakes in the world, the third largest lake in Egypt and the rest of Lake Old Maurice. It is considered an interior lake which is not related to any sea and an area of around 53 thousands acres in Fayoum Down.
This sandstone Temple was erected during the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero (54-67 AD), and decorated during the time of Vespasian, Titus and Domitian , who decorated the monumental gateway. Other Roman rulers made small contributions to the decorations, with the latest inscriptions dating to the 3rd century AD.
The temple was built to commemorate Alexander's passing on his way to Siwa . One of the temple's walls has a scene shows Alexander the great offering gifts to god Amon .
Alexander the Great built this temple in 331 BCE, when he was seeking confirmation that he was the son of Zeus (whom the Greeks associated with the Egyptian Amon). Alexander the Great was honored by the priests of Amon as the son of the Sun God in 331 B.C.
It was discovered on 17 of April 2001. Four tombs were excavated, and found inside them were 105 mummies, of high-ranking Roman Egyptians, many wearing gold masks. These mummies, many sumptuously decorated with religious scenes, represent the very best of Roman-Period mummies ever found in Egypt.
Valley of Al-Haiz is located near the western edge of Bahariya depression beside the black desert in Bahariya Oasis. During the time of the Romans this valley was much greener and arable so it was one of the most important places in Egypt for producing wine.
The name means 'monastery', and was used as such during the Christian era. Later, both Turkish and British troops occupied the fortress.. The fortress has twelve round towers with a walk way between them, and thus far, there has been little excavation of the site.
Badr is a local artist and entrepreneur who has fared rather well in recent years. His original small but interesting museum, which was located in the village of Qasritself, has been abandoned for a wonderful mud brick structure that the built himself.
Located 35 km. away, the Al-Mizawaka Tombs date back to the Pharaonic period. The most important are the rock hewn tombs of Pelusis and Petosiris. While the tombs are decorated in traditional Egyptian fashion, Petosiris is dressed as a Greek, and there is a bull on the ceiling from the Persian Mithras cult.
This monastery became a major project for his Holiness Pope Shenouda the Third, after becoming Patriarch of the See of St. Mark on November 14, 1971, like the restorations of The current castle is four stories, with a tower and water tank. Also many buildings were constructed outside the ancient monastery.
The most wonderful oasis in the western desert, the oasis of beauty, poetry, the paradise of artists, there is no similar place Like it in the whole world. Sand dunes and palm trees and olive trees scattered in the Oasis with clear wells and springs. Bedouins and their tents on the vast desert area a great scene of green land among the vast desert.
The temple was built during the rule of Domitian and Trajan (1st century) and decorated during the rule of Hadrian, though apparently the site was occupied from the Ptolemaic period.
The temple was mainly built as a dedication to god Amon , other scenes were shown on the temple represents musicians playing on percussion instruments and sistra. This indicates that a goddess was worshipped here.
The temple was built a dedication to the Theban triad, consisting of the gods Amon, Mut and Khonso who's relieves are in very good condition.