The Eastern Desert is famous for its volcanic-rock mountains that run along the Red sea Coast , which have been formed about three billion years ago. Its northern section is nearly devoid of vegetation because of the arid climate, as for its southern section there is higher humidity and more trees and shrubs are found in some of the desert valleys
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. It covers an approximate area of 2.5 million km (965,000 mile), but its connection to the Atlantic (the Strait of Gibraltar) is only 14 km (9 mi) wide.
Marsa Matrouh is famous for its beautiful beaches with soft white sands remains, along with the serenity of the crystal clear sea water, protected from the high seas by a series of rocks forming a natural wave breaker.