Alexandria, named after Alexander the Great, is considered to be Egypt's second capital because of its historical importance and population. It is Egypt's second largest city. In 332 BC the young 25-year old Alexander founded the city. His chief architect, Dinocrates, was appointed to spearhead this project which was intended to see Alexandria replace Naucratis as a Hellenistic center in Egypt, and to be the link between Greece and the rich Nile Valley.
The National Museum which was formerly a palace, served as the meeting place for the royalties and merchant class hierarchy of Alexandria. The museum consists of 3 levels.
There are so many sights to visit in Alexandria City as it is considered Egypt's second capital for it's historical and geographical importance which highlighted the city with different cultures from the time of the pharoahs and the Greco-Roman Empire.
The Lighthouse was used, as sun by day and fire by night, to make sure that sailors could safely navigate the dangerous waters. It was constructed through the reign of PtolemyI and was completed during the reign of PtolemyII. It was built on the south east corner of the Island of Pharaohs.
The Egyptian supreme council for antiquities agreed with the chairmanship of Egyptian Minister of Culture Farouk Hosni on specifying $5 million for a museum on German General Erwin Rommel in Matrouh city, an important site in World War II history as it was taken by the famous German leader to run military operations.
Al-Alamein Museum is a complete illustration of the story of World War II in North Africa, containing records of all the events. Even before entering the Museum proper, in the garden, there are huge army tanks and various larger weapons.
Roman Amphitheatre or Roman Theatre is located in the central region of Alexandria city at Kom el-Dikka. Bordered by the Horrya Street in the north, Nabi Daniel Street in west, Abdel Moneim Street in south and Saphia Zaghloul Street from the eastern side, Roman Theatre is one of the symbols of Alexandria city.