History of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Jordan is a land steeped in history. It has been home to some of mankind's earliest settlements and villages, and relics of many of the worlds great civilizations can still be seen today.
As the crossroads of the Middle East, the lands of Jordan and Palestine have served as a strategic nexus connecting Asia, Africa, and Europe. Thus, since the dawn of civilization, Jordan's geography has given it an important role to play as a conduit for trade and communications, connecting east and west, north and south. Jordan continues to play this role today.

Evidence of Jordan's history dates as far back as 7,000 years before Christ. Paleolithic statues carved in lime were found at the Neolithic site of Ain Al-Ghazal, on the northeast outskirts of Amman during an excavation in 1983.

In 1918, Jordan has declared independence from the Ottoman Empire, which together with Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine formed what was known as Wilayat al-Sham. It was succeeded because of the Alliance of the Great Arab Revolutionary Forces led by Hussein Ben Ali and the British forces led by Lawrence of Arabia during World War I. British forces managed to concur Jordan, Palestine, French forces, Syria and Lebanon.

Britain divided the area into two parts: lands west of Jordan River and named it Palestine, and the area east of the Jordan River and named it East Jordan

In 1920, Prince Abdullah bin Hussein arrived in the southern city of Maan and stayed there for four months, where he met with the Jordanian tribes to make the necessary arrangements to establish the Jordanian state, and then moved to Amman, where he arrived on March 2, 1921. Since the day when Prince Abdullah arrived in Amman, he started to establish the Jordanian state and on March 30, 1921 declared the establishment of Emirate of Jordan (Emirate of East Jordan) and made Amman its capital. The first Jordanian government was established in the east of Jordan on April 11, 1921. It was called the Consultative Council, which started with the establishment of army (the Arab Army). It was collected from officers and soldiers who served in the Great Arab Revolutionary Army. The emirate remained under the British Mandate. The population of eastern Jordan in 1921 reached 400 thousand people.


Establishment of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

  1. The Government of Eastern Jordan cooperated with Britain in World War II 1939-1945
  2. In 1945, the Emirate of Eastern Jordan became a member of the League of Arab States
  3. On January 17, 1946, at a meeting of the United Nations; Britain officially announced the recognition of Jordan's honor as an independent sovereign state. On March 22, 1946, a treaty of friendship and alliance was signed between Britain and Jordan in which Britain declared East Jordan an independent state. On May 25, 1946 constitutional and administrative declaration of full independence has been signed. Name of the state became (the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) and under the rule of King Abdullah.
  4. The Jordanian Arab Army entered Palestine in order to fight against the State of Israel, but by the end of 1948 a truce between Jordan and Israel was concluded
  5. On April 24, 1950, King Abdullah unified the East and West parts of Jordan
  6. On 20/7/1951, King Abdullah was assassinated in the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.
  7. On 11/8/1952, King Talal was sacked and Prince Hussein bin Talal became king on the same day but remained under guardianship until he was eighteen years old on 2/5/1953.
  8. On December 14, 1955, Jordan became a member of the United Nations
  9. In 1956 King Hussein expelled the British General from the army command (Arabization of the army) and assigned Radhi Annab as army commander
  10. On 14/2/1958, the union between Jordan and Iraq was announced, and it was only two weeks after the formation of the United Arab Republic between Egypt and Syria.
  11. On 7 February 1999, King Hussein Bin Talal has died.
  12. Since 1999 King Abdullah Bin Hussein became the ruler of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
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