Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops Pyramid)
There is only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing today and it is the Pyramid of Khufu at Giza, Egypt’s Great Pyramid. His son, Khafre, and another pharaoh, Menkaure, are credited with building the other two pyramids at Giza, but neither of them is as large or impressive as Khufu’s Great Pyramid, completed around 2560 BC and originally standing 481 feet tall (455 feet today due to the removal of its outer casing and capstone).
Who is cheops?
Cheops is the Greek name known in the history of King Khufu; the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty of Ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom Period. The 4th dynasty is considered to have been the ‘golden age’ of the Old Kingdom, largely because of the gigantic size and quality of the pyramids built during this time. Beginning with the pyramids the Khufu’s father, Sneferu, built at Dahshur, the 4th dynasty pyramids were larger and more refined than any others built before or after them.
Archeologists consider the pyramids to be good indicators of the economic and political stability of Egypt throughout the Old and Middle Kingdoms. It took a lot of resources to finance a pyramid and organize a labor force to construct it. The size and quality of their construction at different times during the history of Ancient Egypt suggest that their were more resources available to dedicate to building during the 4th dynasty than at any other time.
Khufu improved upon the innovations that his father introduced in the construction of the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid, located south of Giza at Dahshur. Sneferu’s pyramids were large and they are the first to display the characteristic smooth sides of the Giza Pyramids, but the shape of the pyramid and the ideal side-angle needed to complete a structurally sound pyramid were settled upon by Khufu and his engineers. The sides of Khufu’s Great Pyramid rise at an angle of 51.8 degrees from sides that are 756 feet at the base.
Discovery of A Long-lost, Sealed-off Corridor inside the Great Pyramid of Giza
The discovery of a once-hidden, sealed-off corridor inside of one of Egypt's Pyramids of Giza was revealed on March 2nd, 2023, a development that could spark future findings inside one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World.
On the north side of the 4,500-year-old Pyramid of Khufu, close to its main entrance, is a corridor that is almost 30 feet long and more than 6 feet wide. The Scan Pyramids project, an international initiative by researchers at universities in France, Germany, Canada, Japan, and Egypt that started in 2015 and uses scans to look at unexplored portions of historic structures like the Pyramid of Khufu, was responsible for finding the 30-foot-long corridor. The international team peered inside the building using endoscopy and radiography methods.
Details of the tunnel’s shape and structure were published in the science journal Nature which states that “a stone slab with a gabled structure called the ‘chevron’ has been located at the top of the entrance connected to the descending corridor made at the time the pyramid was built.”
Visit one of the most ancient buildings in History: Khufu Pyramid on a tour of The Great Pyramid In Cairo, Egypt. Explore Egypt and discover a cocktail of Tours to Egypt tailored to your taste by Memphis Tours.