El Kharga Oasis

El Kharga Oasis is located 360 miles far from Cairo and 142 miles far from Luxor. So it is nearer to Luxor than any other Egyptian town. Today, it is the biggest New Valley oasis.
The road that loops out into the Western Desert from Cairo reconnects with the Nile Valley at Luxor. In between it passes through four oases. The first of these, closest to Cairo, is Bahariyya, which is better know and more frequently visited by tourists, who use it as a starting point for desert safaris.

Tourists seldom visit the other three oases, but they do offer some interesting ruins, beautiful scenery, and the unique oasis culture to adventurous travelers.
Kharga is the oasis furthest to the south. It is also the largest of the four oases along the highway that connects them. There have been extensive land reclamation projects here, robbing the Kharga Depression of some of its natural beauty, but the area does offer the most extensive archeological remains in any of the oases. In the capital of Al-Kharga, actually the capital of the whole New Desert region (encompassing all four oases), there are hotels to stay in.

The Archeological Museum is also located here with a collection of artifacts from the area dating back to pre-history. In and around the town is a collection of ruins from the late pharaonic era onward, including the 6th century BC Temple of Hibis and the Roman fortress/temple of An-Nadura.

Qasr Al-Dush is the most impressive of the Roman era ruins in the area. Located near the town of Baris, it was the gateway into Egypt for the desert caravans heading north and there is a well-preserved Temple of Osiris within its walls from the 1st century AD.
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