The reliability of this version of history is questionable, but it is generally accepted that several civilizations that had lived and practiced agriculture along the river since the 6th millennia BC were united at this time under the influence of a capital at Memphis. Several centuries later, the strength of this central control and the influence that Memphis held over trade route to the south and northeast to the Levant led to the beginning of the Old Kingdom (2686—2181 BC).
The power centered on Memphis eventually waned, fractured, and then was reestablished again to begin the Middle Kingdom (2134—1690 BC) when power was based at a capital near modern day Fayoum. A third period of strong central control, known as the New Kingdom (1549—1069 BC), was center on the southern capital of Thebes.
Ancient Egypt under their control over the centuries, but architectural legacy of this powerful ancient civilization was not limited to these sites alone. There were other important cities and religious sites scattered up and down the Nile Valley where the monuments of the pharaohs and great temples of the ancient religion were built and where impressive ruins can still be viewed today.
They mark the sites of other ancient capitals from which pharaohs once ruled the entire region and the sites of religious cults, where the gods of Ancient Egypt were worshipped from the Early Dynastic Period into the first centuries AD, when Christianity gradually replaced the ancient religion as the popular faith of Egypt.
Points Of Interest :
El Minya Day Tour from Cairo by car
About 16 Hours from $85
Tour to Dendera and Abydos Temples
About 10 Hours from $60
Trip to Kom Ombo and Edfu from Aswan
About 9 Hours from $95
Tour to Edfu & Kom Ombo from Marsa Alam
1 Day Trip from $70
2-Day Trip to El Minya from Cairo
2 Days from $220
MS Farah Nile Cruise
Sonesta St. George at Easter
4 Days from $735
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