It is the most famous Mortuary Temple of Rameses III (20th Dynasty, 1184-1153 BC) in Luxor, one of the best-preserved New Kingdom temples. It was called the "Mound of Djeme," and was first the site of an 18th Dynasty when Hatshepsut and Tuthmose III dedicated a Temple to Amun.
While it is not among the most well traveled sites on the West Bank, Medinat Habu is considered by many visitors to be among the most impressive sights they see in Luxor. This temple complex is impressively preserved, especially in comparison to the Ramesseum, on which its plan is based.
While the Ramesseum was built by a more famous pharaoh (Ramesses II), Medinat Habu, commissioned by Ramesses III, is a much more impressive sight with its pylon and many of its walls still intact and much more of the original painting visible on its carved surfaces.
Ramesses III is the last pharaoh to whom there are great building project attributed and this temples complex was the biggest of them.
During his reign, Medinat Habu functioned as a walled city with the temple and an administrative center inside of walls that protected the inhabitants of the area during hard times. Later on, the complex became a walled town for Coptic Christians living in the area.
The temples continues from there into several courtyards with well-preserved reliefs and columns, many with their coloring still intact, and leading into a final hypostyle hall.