Diwali Festival India

Diwali, the festival of lights, is one of the most significant festivals in India. During Diwali festival in autumn, there are millions of people who attend firework displays, prayers and celebratory events. They also light up their houses, shops and streets weeks before the actual festival, as they consider it as the beginning of a new year. The festival lasts for five days and is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. Diwali coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrating new beginnings and the triumph of light over darkness. The festival is determined by the Hindu lunar calendar. It usually falls in the period between the middle of October and the middle of November.

The actual day of Diwali is celebrated on the third day of the festival. Each faith has its reasons to celebrate Diwali. However, there is one popular story told. It is a legend of Lord Rama and his wife Sita returning from exile to their kingdom in northern India, after defeating the demon king Ravanna in the 15th century BC.

 

The festival is featured by large fireworks displays. Families and friends share sweets and gifts during the festival. There is a belief in giving food and goods to those in need. As the people who celebrate Diwali considers it as the beginning of a new year, they have the traditions of cleaning their houses and buying new clothes. They light traditional earthen candles and decorate their houses with colorful rangoli artworks which is patterns created on the floors using colored rice or powder.

Diwali Festival India

Traditionally, each day of Diwali has a different focus. On the first day, the celebrations start with Dhanteras. On this day, Indians clean, decorate their houses and buy new clothes, preparing for the festival. The second day is also for preparations, but small rituals are celebrated on the first day of rituals. People prepare their houses with Rangolis, designing their floors with colored powder and flours. They adorn their front doors to welcome their guests for Diwali.

The third day is the most important day among them all; it is where families and friends gather, exchange gifts and lit up candles and small oil lamps that last for the whole night. Then later at night, people go out in the streets and light fireworks to celebrate New Year’s Eve. On the fourth day, New Year’s Day, relatives and friends visit each other, exchanging sweets and gifts. Lastly, the fifth day, called Bhai Dooj, is dedicated to brothers. Sisters cook for their brothers, put red dots on their foreheads and take blessings and bond.

Diwali is celebrated all over the country of India. In Varanasi, one can watch the amazing aarti and let off fireworks by the Ganges River. In Jaipur, the markets are lit up completely, being an absolute visual delight during Diwali. Goa has a crazy gambling scene and a tradition of burning effigies of the demon Narakasura. Although the city of Amritsar is basically Sikh, it is known for its Diwali celebrations, especially the Golden Temple.

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