Suez Governorate located in the northeast of the country. About 134 kilometers (83 miles) from Cairo and 88 kilometers (55 miles) from Ismailia, Bounded on the north- Ismailia governorate. The south is bordered by the Red Sea governorate, the East is bordered by South Sinai Governorate and The west is bordered by the Cairo Governorate and the province Giza., The number of the population is about 512 135 according to the final results of Egypt's population 2006.
Suez has been a commercial port since the 7th century then it became a naval base in the 15th century and, in 1869, the opening of the Suez Canal ensured its development as a modern city. Today, Suez is one of Egypt's largest ports.
National Day in Suez is October 24, 1973 When Popular Resistance preservation supported by army troops and police when Israeli forces tried infiltrating across the gap Deversoir enter the city, led by ((Ariel Sharon)) and occupation in order to make pressure on the leadership of the Egyptian military, through the occupation of the city in the belief They will not receive any resistance from its inhabitants and thereby achieving the goal of Israel to achieve the victory of a media occupation of the city of Suez
however, popular resistance backed with some members of the Egyptian army and people of the city wove an epic heroic against the Israeli forces attacking and have got to wake and smashed a lot of tanks Israeli and equipment .
1 - Ein El-Sokhna
Ain Soukhna Soukhna) is located on the Egyptian Red Sea Coast (actually on the Gulf of Suez) Ain Soukhna can be translated as "hot spring" and the name originates from sulfur springs in Gebal Ataqa, a nearby Eastern Desert mountain.
Ain Soukhna is a purely Egyptian retreat, only recently becoming an international destination. Ain Soukhna is a leisurely one hour drive from Cairo since the completion of a new highway.
2- Moses' springs
Oyun Musa is located about 16 miles south of the Ahmed Hamdi Tunnel, this Tunnel connects the mainland Egypt with Sinai , the spring is still brackish but seven of the original 12 springs still exist. During the Egypt Expedition we know that there were nine springs still active. At one point during the 19th century, this, the largest of the Sinai Oases, became a popular retreat for foreign diplomats.There is a small community that has grown up around the springs.
There was a canal from the Nile Delta to the Gulf of Suez, when the gulf extended further north than it does today, and the present canal was built in the nineteenth century. The Suez Canal offers a shorter passage for ships than passing round the Cape of Good Hope. The construction of the Suez Canal was favored by the natural conditions of the region: the comparatively short distance between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, the occurrence of a line of lakes or depressions which became lakes (Lake Manzala in the north, and depressions, Timsah and the Bitter Lakes, part way along the route), and the generally flat terrain.
The construction of the canal was proposed by the engineer and French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, who acquired from Said Pasha the rights of constructing and operating the canal for a period of 99 years. The Company Universal du Canal Maritime de Suez was formed. Construction took 11 years, and the canal opened on 17 November 1869. The canal had an immediate effect on world trade. In 1956 Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the canal, and this provokes the Suez Crisis. Following the Arab-Israeli war of 1967, the canal was closed, and reopened in 1975.
Today, the canal is a vital link in world trade, and contributes significantly to the Egyptian economy; in 2009 the income from the canal accounted for 3.7% of Egypt's GDP.
Suez Public Free Zone.
This Free Zone was established in 1975 on two locations:-
- Port Tewfik location (an area of 75660 m2), adjacent to Suez port's fence.
- Adabeya location (an area of 247208 m2) overlooking Suez bay coast at 5km distance from Adabeya Port.
Fields of investment
- Petrochemicals industry, tints and detergents, fertilizers, petroleum services and petroleum equipment leasing, petrol refineries, and natural gas liquefaction.
- Glass industry, all types of iron industry, metal products.
- Ships, yachts and fishing boats industry, navigation services, ship supplying and provisioning.
- Coal fracturing and carbon industries.